NARICT Multifunctional Pyrolysis Reactor: Turning ‘Pure Water Nylon’, Tyre To Petrol, Gas

NARICT Innovative Integrated, Multifunctional Pyrolysis Reactor: Fabricated in India based on NARICT design/specifications, this reactor is meant to upscale NARICT’s original research breakthrough on the conversion of solid waste like polyethylene bag (pure water nylons in local parlance), tyres, polymer belts, agric wastes, etc. into useful liquid fuels (substitutes for petrol, kerosene, diesel and gas) and green chemicals, thereby cleaning the environment of such wastes.

There has been a surfeit of phenomenal technological feats recorded in the last two years at the National Research Institute for Chemical Technology (NARICT) under the stewardship of Prof. Jeffrey T. Barminas. These have seen to a rapid transformation of the Institute’s research capacity and expertise in chemical technology in line with its founding mandate.
One of the outstanding technological achievements recorded in the period under review at the Institute is the design and fabrication of the NARICT innovative, Integrated Multifunctional Pyrolysis Reactor. Designed by NARICT researchers. This reactor is an upscale on NARICT’s original research breakthrough on the conversion of solid waste like polyethylene bag (pure water nylon, etc), tyres, polymer belts, agricultural wastes, etc) into useful liquid fuels and green chemicals like petrol, kerosene, diesel, and gas.
In other words, the reactor converts lignocellulosic biomass and biowastes and other plastic wastes into renewal fuels options and has the capacity for the production of green chemicals (substitute for petrol, kerosene, diesel and gas) and chemical materials (bio-based chemicals and polymers).
According to the Abuja Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ACCI): about 10 million (2.5 million tons) of used tyres are produce in Nigeria every year and they pose a danger to the environment. Unfortunately, Nigeria has no national policy on plastic waste management.
In the developed world, waste tyres are usually retreaded and exported overseas for reuse, or processed into crumbs for making surfaces and into chips for use as a solid fuel. In reality, plastics and tyres can take over 100 years to degrade, so every piece of plastics and tyres that is not recycled still exist.
This innovatory indigenous feat at NARICT is putting Nigeria in good stead to combat the menace of industrial wastes and clean up the environment, nationwide. Since NARICT has developed this technological capacity for the country, states like Lagos, Kano, Rivers, among others can now tap into the development to manage the menace of plastic wastes. NARICT has the capacity to build design and build this reactor for all 36 states of the federation and train their workers to handle it, thereby cleaning up their environment, provide employment and create wealth in the products produced.

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