Two doctors and a midwife have gone on trial in Argentina charged with kidnapping babies born in captivity to left-wing political prisoners during the 1976-83 military government.
It is the first case of medical staff being tried for allegedly falsifying the babies’ birth certificates.
An estimated 500 children were stolen at birth from their mothers during what was known as the Dirty War.
They were then given illegally to other families who raised them as their own.
The real parents were either killed or disappeared.
‘We want justice’
Prosecutors in the Argentine capital, Buenos Aires, accuse the two doctors, Norberto Bianco and Raul Martin, and the midwife, Luisa Yolanda Arroche, of “providing essential assistance” to hide the babies’ identity and hand them over to sympathisers of the Argentine military government.
The medical staff are now in their 80s.
Two former commanders at one of the clandestine military hospitals, the Campo de Mayo base outside Buenos Aires, are also being tried.
“It’s a very important trial because it will judge the complicity of doctors and midwives who were directly responsible for these crimes against humanity,” said 36-year-old Francisco Madariaga, who was delivered by the midwife at Campo de Mayo and taken from his mother at birth.
“With this trial we’ll be able to learn what they did with our mothers the day after we were born, know that there will be a punishment and justice will triumph because we are the living proof of the crime,” he told AFP.
Mr Madariaga’s mother, Silvia Quintela, a leftist militant, has never been found.
The trial deals with the cases of nine stolen babies, five of whom were eventually able to recover their true identity.